Mathieu Triclot is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Technology of Belfort-Montbéliard as well as a member of the RECITS team at the FEMTP-ST Institute. His work on the philosophy of technology focuses on the history of computer science, artificial intelligence, cybernetics, the concept of information and video games and his research falls within the scope of the philosophy of technology and engineering. Triclot has authored such books as Le moment cybernétique and Philosophie des jeux vidéo. He is also head of the scientific interest group “Unité des Technologies et des Sciences de l’Homme” which promotes the principle of technological research in the field of human and social sciences.
Has the cyber-world become a reality? A look back on a policy for information machines
Cybernetics has addressed all these issues, which have made a major comeback in the public discourse about technology, while also constructing a framework (in particular around Wiener’s public commitments) for political criticism of technology which it is interesting to revisit at this time. A cyber-policy involves several axioms which Wiener might spell out as follows: the mode of production of knowledge must be taken into account; information is not immaterial; information is not intended to be traded; governing machines are an illusion; “thinking gadgets” should be rejected and the myth of robots replacing humans, dispelled.
We believe these technological policy proposals are interesting on two levels. First, we hope to explore the scope of this cyber-policy in light of the contemporary situation. However, by doing so, our aim is not so much to find a key in ancient cybernetics that would help us understand the contemporary world, but rather to measure discrepancies and locate what might have become irremediably inappropriate or obsolete in the discourse on cybernetics. The cyber-movement has fostered a breakthrough in scientific and technological innovation as well as both philosophical and political reflection on these innovations. These dimensions create an inextricable pattern that echoes the trajectory of the cyber-group. The balance of science, technology, philosophy and politics that cybernetics involves provides a remarkable touchstone to assess everything that may have changed in contemporary set-ups.
Lecturer in philosophy at Université de technologie de Belfort-Montbéliard — FR